Pelham MA


Pelham is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,403 at the 2000 census. It shares the same zip code as Amherst.

Pelham is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

 History

A drawing of the town flag of pelham.

Pelham (pronounced "PEL-am;" the "h" is silent) was first settled in 1738 by mostly Scottish immigrants and was officially incorporated in 1743. The town is named for the Pelham family; Henry Pelham was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time of the town’s incorporation, and his father, Thomas Pelham, 1st Baron Pelham had been prime minister prior to his term. The town is most well known as being home to Daniel Shays, leader of Shays’ Rebellion, an uprising to stop declining economic conditions in Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787. The rebellion, planned in Conkey’s Tavern in town, spread across central Massachusetts, and met its practical end when most of the rebels were caught in nearby Petersham. Pelham also holds the distinction of having the oldest town hall in continuous use in the United States.[1] A town meeting is held there for that primary purpose each year.

Pelham’s geography has changed twice throughout its history. Originally a much larger town, rectangular in shape (except for a small extension southward taking up part of the modern area of Knight’s Corner) and extending eastward to the top of Prescott Hill (where Daniel Shays once lived), the land east of the West Branch of the Swift River was annexed by the town of Prescott in the latter half of the nineteenth centuries (maps made in 1855 and 1862 both show this land still belonging to Pelham). The landscape would change once again, however, when the Quabbin Reservoir was formed along the branches of the Swift River. The reservoir filled along the river, and protected lands along its edge became part of the Quabbin Reservation. It was at this time as well that the towns of the valley were disincorporated, and a portion of Enfield which now constitutes the town’s southeast corner (roughly east of Caldwell Brook and Knight’s Corner) was given to the town. Because the reservoir divided the town from its old lands in Prescott, however, that portion of land was not returned to the town, but given to New Salem instead.

 Geography and Transportation

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.5 square miles (68.6 km²), of which, 25.1 square miles (64.9 km²) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.7 km²) of it (5.40%) is water.The town lies along the western edge of the Quabbin Reservoir, its town line following the former path of the West Branch of the Swift River, which once flowed through the town. The town lies along the hills which divide the Pioneer Valley along the Connecticut River to the west from the Quabbin Valley to the east. The brooks in town also flow in both these directions; those in the eastern third of town drain towards the Quabbin, with the western brooks draining towards the Connecticut. Though the town is fairly forested, none of the town except Quabbin lands is protected.

Pelham is the northeastern-most town in Hampshire County, bordering Franklin County to the north and east. (Prior to the formation of the Quabbin Reservoir, the town of Prescott was the northeast corner of the county, but its lands were absorbed by New Salem.) Pelham is bordered by Shutesbury to the north, New Salem to the east, Belchertown to the south and Amherst to the west. (Because of the reservoir, there is no direct connection between Pelham and New Salem.) The historical center of town is located 14 miles (23 km) east of the county seat of Northampton, 25 miles (40 km) north-northeast of Springfield, 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Worcester, and 84 miles (135 km) west of Boston (though the latter two distances are hampered by not having direct routes across the Quabbin).

Pelham lies along U.S. Route 202, which was rerouted due to the Quabbin Reservoir project along the Daniel Shays Highway through town. Other than a small portion of Route 9 which clips the town’s southwest corner, Route 202 is the only highway through town. The town is roughly equidistant from Interstate 90, Interstate 91 and Route 2 to the south, west, and north, respectively. Other than the Belchertown Shuttle and Belchertown/UMass lines of the Pioneer Valley Transit Authority bus service that pass along Route 9, there is no bus service to town. The nearest rail service is the Amtrak Vermonter service along the New England Central Railroad lines in Amherst. Several general aviation airports are located in nearby towns, but the nearest national air service can be reached at Bradley International Airport in Connecticut.

 Demographics

As of 2000, the US census[2] records there were 1,403 people, 545 households, and 382 families residing in the town. The population density was 56.0 people per square mile (21.6/km²). There were 556 housing units at an average density of 22.2/sq mi (8.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.08% White, 1.43% African American, 1.07% Asian, 0.64% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.

There were 545 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $61,339, and the median income for a family was $71,667. Males had a median income of $50,435 versus $33,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,821. About 2.6% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

 

 References

  1. ^ Town of Pelham, Massachusetts – About Pelham
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

 External links

 

 
 
from wikipedia

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